I interpret your question as asking how you can appeal an adverse decision on your motion to remove a default. Your landlord would have had to have served you with a notice to quit, by constable or certified mail. Fourteen days or more later, the landlord would have had to have served you with a summary process complaint, which would have to be served by a constable. When he filed the complaint in court, he would have had to have filed the notice to quit, with proof that it was served, and a return of service on the complaint. The complaint typically is served by either giving it to you in hand, or putting a copy on or under your door, plus mailing a copy first class mail. The method and date should be on the return of service. Look carefully at these documents. Try a "motion for reconsideration" if you find any new evidence that supports your position that you weren't served one or both of those documents.
It sounds like you would have had counterclaims for retaliation and for whatever caused you to withhold rent. If you can't get the default removed, you can still bring these as a separate civil action, including a small claims action. Since these counterclaims may include attorney fees, you may find an affordable lawyer either for the whole case (if the default is removed) or your separate complaint.
Yes, you can appeal the judges failure to remove the default, or his failure to act on your motion to reconsider. One leading case is Berube v. McKisson Wines and Spirits.
You will definitely have a better chance on any of these options with a lawyer.
The foregoing answer does not establish an attorney client relationship, is not confidential, and should not be relied upon in place of an actual consultation with an attorney. Mr. Boone is licensed to practice in Massachusetts, before the U.S. Tax Court, and the Federal District Court of Massachusetts. Most initial consultations are free. Further information is available on my profile and at www.boonehenkofflaw.com.
Unfortunately, whenever you withhold rent, an eviction case is virtually certain to follow, and it is a bad idea to get into this situation without having a lawyer ready to work for you.
You have the right to appeal, but in order to stay the eviction while the appeal is pending, you will have to post an appeal bond. if you are of low income this may just be the equivalent of your rent, or even a reduced amount based on the conditions in the premises. You need to act IMMEDIATELY to get a lawyer if you want to appeal. In the alternative, you can move and bring any claims for a refund of rent based on the bad conditions as a small claims or other civil action.
Disclaimer: This site exists to provide information only. It is not legal advice. Answering your question does not create an attorney-client relationship. I am a Massachusetts lawyer. Any information provided on this site does not, except as explicitly stated, imply familiarity with laws or procedures peculiar to your state which may differ from those where I practice.