Clearly you need a new lawyer and that should be your primary focus right now. What does your fee agreement say about termination? Typically a lawyer will have a claim for the value of the work done. He will have to show in some way how he gets to $1000. In any event that does not seem like a very significant sum and again the focus should be on getting good representation and moving on. File costs are simply the expenses to date, for instance, the cost for medical records and reports, the filing costs with the court and for service of the complaint on the other side, etc.
If you feel this is the "best" answer or is "helpful," please indicate. Since I am limited to the information you provide, I cannot guarantee the accuracy of the answer. You should seek the advise of an attorney who can explore all aspects of your question. This communication does not form an attorney client relationship.
As a preliminary matter, I am not licensed in Florida and therefore am not one of the attorneys who can potentially represent you. Your question does raise ethical and other issues, but It is unclear from your question exactly what your attorney has done or not done. For example, you say your attorney has done nothing, but it sounds like he may have filed suit on your behalf and settled your case.
The reference to "file costs" may be the filing fee if a lawsuit was filed on your behalf. There may be other costs/expenses associated with your case that your attorney has paid on your behalf. Refer to your fee agreement to see if it explains exactly what costs or expenses you are responsible for.
You should consult with another personal injury attorney in your area for an evaluation of your case. Try using the Find A Lawyer tab on Avvo to locate an attorney in your area. Good luck.
Your question is confusing: How was the case "settled" without your knowledge? In order to settle a case, you must sign a release. If you've done that, then your case is over. If you haven't, then the case is not settled.
Additionally, "no defense" generally refers to coverage, not liability. A coverage defense is a defense such as an excluded driver, lapsed policy, or other issue allowing an insurance company to avoid its contractual obligations to pay claims. Liability is rarely "clear cut"--even in rear-end collisions where there is a rebuttable presumption of negligence. This is because Florida is a pure comparative negligence state, and while claims adjusters decide liability pre-lawsuit, a jury apportions liability at trial. A jury could easily say you were 25% or even 50% at-fault, and you would lose that much of its award. Nothing is certain when it comes to a trial.
Your attorney--if you leave him--is entitled to be paid for the work he put into your case. He has apparently put several hours into it, ordered medical records, and paid postage, and we attorneys who work on contingency always take the risk there will be no recovery in a case. The amount you owe is called a quantum merit lien (or "for what it's worth"), and you do owe it to him if he can support the amount with his time and expense logs. I have one bill for medical records right now that consists of seven pieces of paper and a dental X-ray film. The charge? $50. That's money I lose if the case is a loser. "File expenses" may be a term of art. I use another term for scanning and uploading my files--I run a purely digital office--but other attorneys rightfully charge for the expense of creating and organizing their paper files.
I'll also caution you that when you refer to attorneys in the manner that you have, other attorneys will truly be hesitant to accept you as a client. I turn away prospective clients quite frequently simply because I think they will be more problems than they are worth. If you come across as a problem client, only the desperate will accept you, and none of us are required to accept clients (although I've had prospective clients who have thought otherwise).
Lastly, none of us can contact you. You must contact us. The Florida Bar's rules against solicitation are quite clear on the issue, so if you see a post whose author interests you, then contact that attorney. Otherwise, use AVVO's "Find A Lawyer" function (I've received two calls in the past few days from people who found me on AVVO). Alternatively, I suggest you have a frank discussion with you attorney about your mutual expectations. I personally would not accept a client who didn't try doing that before terminating his/her former attorney. To me, communication is key to a good attorney-client relationship, and it is a two-way street. If a client won't communicate with me, then I drop that client or won't accept the client in the first place.
I am a Florida attorney who practices in the areas of personal injury, criminal defense, and civil rights. My answers on Avvo are not legal advice, and they do not create an attorney-client relationship. If you contact me--please understand that I cannot contact you--then I will carefully evaluate your case and determine if I will accept you as a client. Unless you and I sign a contract for legal representation, then I am not your attorney. Furthermore, Avvo is a limited forum and not well-suited for complex legal analysis. You should always obtain competent legal advice from attorneys who will carefully evaluate all your case's facts. Avvo isn't the place for that.
You might start by scheduling a face to face meeting with your attorney so you can get clarity as to what has or has not been done yet (your question is unclear as in one place you say he has done nothing for 2 yrs & in another you say he settled your case a yr ago) and determine whether you want to continue with him or not.
Otherwise, you should know that typically...
*your attorney will front your costs (postage to filing fees & so forth) and is entitled to be reimbursed for that at the end of your case. your retainer agreement will spell this out.
*once work is done on your case, especially if there is an settlement offer outstanding, then your attorney can assert a lien for the time & costs expended on your case should you decide to hire a new attorney; it sounds like your attorney said he'd waive the costs portion of his lien here.
*liens & other details related to your case are factors new attorneys consider as to whether or not they would be willing to take your case.
*you, the client, are the one that decides whether or not to accept a settlement offer; obviously your attorney provides his best advice as to whether or not this is the right move, but you authorize the acceptance.
hope this helps - good luck.
I suggest you sit down with him and "clear the air" if possible. Look in your contract, there will likely be an hourly rate should you terminate his services for time put in on the file. Additionally, costs are things it takes to run a file, from postage/photocopies, etc., to medical records, reports, filing fees, etc. As a personal injury lawyer in Florida for 19 years, I can nothing comes easy or quickly these days. Ultimately if you can't work it out, you can terminate his services, but you will end up paying his lien and the new attorney's fees/costs as well. Good luck.
Sorry to here about the bad experience. How could he have settled the case a year ago and now ask for a lien on the file? What I would do is hand deliver the termination letter and get a complete copy of the file. A 1000 lien is not much. The file should contain a breakdown of costs. Then I would hire another attorney. If your new attorney sees anything improper, he can call that attorney and ask him to explain. If he cannot explain then you file a complaint with the state bar. Good Luck!
Consult a local attorney to discuss your questions & concerns
This is not intended to be legal advise or as legal representation. I am a California personal injury attorney . Be aware that every state has its own statute of limitations; and statutes & case laws that govern the handling of these matters.
I agree that a sit down with your attorney is overdue. You can always discharge an attorney and seek new representation. But first give your attorney an opportunity to answer your questions and to clarify the issues you have raised.
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