It sounds like the judge has modified the charges. Not really fake charges, but an error. Not much of a defense. You should consult with a criminal defense attorney in Richland. It is possible the error could be useful, but more likey you need to work out something.
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Charges can be amended, added or dismissed at his stage. You should, instead, look for legal defenses for your case instead of hoping for a technicality. Simply put, the justice system is not going to dismiss charges against a defendant every time an error is made. Nonetheless, you should consult with a local attorney that will know the laws and procedures in your area.
This is the type of error that can be corrected. If they charged you with something that they couldnt factually support then that charge can be dismissed not the whole case. They can also add new charges as long as they have the evience to back them up. Best to consult with a local criminal lawyer.
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The judge can not modify the charges against you. The prosecutor decides what to charge you with and when. You need to fill-out the discovery request form and get a copy of the discovery the prosecutor intends to present at trial. Likely the charges will be amended to reflect the Theft-3, if not, the prosecutor will tell the court it will file an amended charge when you ask the court to dismiss your charges because you actually stole something and didn't write a bad check. The prosecutor can amend the charge anytime up through the end of the State's case in chief at trial. Thus, you're not going to skate on this one. As the other have suggested speaking with a criminal defense attorney, even if it's a qualified public defender to determine your options is probably your best bet. Hopefully once you see the real cost of what that piece of candy will be you'll straighten up and fly right. I hope this helps.