Unfortunately, if your son's father does not have enough work credits on his Social Security record, there is nothing that can be done to get your son a benefit. Even if his father had been approved for SSI benefits on the basis of his seizure disorder, there wouldn't be any benefits available to your son now. If you're not sure whether the father had enough work credits, you could file an application for benefits for your son with SSA - there's no harm in applying.
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My colleague is correct. Since father was in jail most of his life, he doubtless did not earn enough credits to be "insured" or covered by social security. That means his son is not eligible for Social Security benefits as a dependent.
The only benefit the child might get is SSI, but that would require the child to have severe medical problems that leave him disabled AND would require financial eligibility too - SSA will consider the income into the household before awarding benefits.
Hope that helps. Good luck to you.
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