I changed the question again to international law. In response to other counsel's comments, a child is not emancipated by being a full time student if the the custody obligation continues until the child is 21 in NY).
The issue would be governed by an international treaty: the "Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters of 1965", more commonly called the Hague Service Convention. See the wiki link below.
Basically, what you would have to do is get a certified copy of the NY Family Court Support Order (with a formal endorsement attached called an "apostle" from the NY Secretary of State, see the webpage, second link below.
Depending on the status of Argentina and Poland under the Hague Service Convention, you either serve papers on the country's designated representative (easy, fast), or you have to make a formal request through diplomatic channels (slow). You will probably have to retain counsel in Poland to chase your ex around with whatever enforcement procedures exist in Poland.
A daunting task, but not impossible. Good luck.
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There are number of issues: 1) whether your daughter is emancipated; 2) what court/state has jurisdiction over the emancipation issue. Emancipation laws vary (depending on what state you are in). Where is your daughter?
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This is a family law question. I am editing your question to transfer it to the Family Law Section of our forum. Good luck.
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This is a family law question but also an international law question. Perhaps consider reposting under international law because of the question of how to internationally enforce (if possible) a child support order. Your daughter may still be eligible for child support if she is enrolled in college, but check with a local family attorney to make sure. Good luck.
This advice does not form an attorney-client relationship and is merely informative. It should not by itself be relied upon to address a legal concern.