Depends. Some withdrawn I-485s lead to removal proceedings. The fact that the 485 was filed is also an indication of immigrant intent which makes it hard to apply for non-immigrant visas. That said every case is different and every person's reasons for withdrawing and application is different.
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It all depends on why the I-485 was withdrawn/abandoned/rejected. However, any previous application can be examined while an immigration officer is adjudicating future applications. This could influence the decision if there were misrepresentations or other issues on the old applications.