This is the same as any other civil judgment. They can attach wages if you eventually get them, tax returns, etc. The judgement is good for ten years in California. However, in California judgments can be renewed every ten years so it can last in perpetuity if it is renewed.
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So long as you own less than the value and type of assets, you will be judgement proof even though you will have to argue about it. By the time you get back to a level of your exemptions, you might be ready to pay this off. $4000 is not much.
Further, reading from Kelly v. Robinson:
"Section 523(a)(7) preserves from discharge in Chapter 7 any condition a state criminal court imposes as part of a criminal sentence. Thus, restitution obligations, imposed as conditions of probation in state criminal proceedings, are not dischargeable. Pp. 43-53. "
Even if the fees were not related to restitution, they are not normally dischargeable in bankruptcy.
You may want to work out a long term plan to pay this $4000 amount off.
Curt Harrington Patent & Tax Law Attorney Certified Tax Specialist by the California Board of Legal Specialization PATENTAX.COM This communication is general information and not legal advice, and does not create an attorney-client relationship. This communication should not be relied upon as any type of legal advice. Please note that no attorney-client relationship exists between the sender and the recipient of this message in the absence of either (1) a signed fee contract and (2) remission of an agreed-upon retainer. Absent such an agreement and retainer, I am not engaged by you as an attorney, nor is any other member of my law firm.