You can obtain a copy of the docket showing the dismissal from your court, and then you can do a CORI self-audit online by going to https://icori.chs.state.ma.us/ and following the prompts.
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You should consult an attorney to assist you with filing a motion with the court to seal your record because if you don't go before the court you may be subject to a waiting period to seal your record. You may want to consult an attorney also to ensure your charges are properly dismissed as well. Best of luck.
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As a general rule, cases are not dismissed, or filed when the defendant is not present. I'm not sure what exactly you mean by "filed without a finding". There is a disposition called continued without a finding, but you would have been present for that to enter. There is a disposition called filed without a change of plea. Regardless of the disposition, it should not have been done in your absence. Even a dismissal requires your consent. Further, if it was filed without a change of plea, you would want to make sure there is a time limit on it.
I would suggest you get a copy of the docket sheet and discuss it with an attorney. It is just not clear from your question exactly what happened. If it in fact was closed, the attorney can also assist you in sealing the record.
Once you were arraigned on the charge, the charge appears on your criminal record. The charge appears on your record even if it was ultimately dismissed, or filed without a change of plea, or any other type of disposition. This bears repeating: once arraigned, the charge will show up on your criminal record regardless of the outcome.
You should contact the attorney who represented you when this case began and figure out what actual outcome of the case was. There is no such disposition as "filed without finding" or "file without content". If the case is in fact closed, you should contact an attorney who handles sealing criminal records to determine your options in sealing your record. Sealing your record would likely entail multiple court appearances and is not something you should undertake without a lawyer.
Dominic Pang (617-538-1127)
Disclaimer: This answer is provided for informational purposes only and it is not intended as legal advice. Additionally, this answer does not create an attorney-client relationship. If you wish to obtain legal advice specific to your case, please consult with a local attorney.