Your contract is with the person you spoke with unless he was acting as an authorized representative for one or more of the companies he works with. Are there any records in writing? Invoices, Bills of Lading?
This answer does not constitue legal advice, nor does it creat an attorney/client relationship. If you are seeking legal advice upon which you intend to rely, you should hire competent cousel familiar with this area of the law in your locale.
Welcome to the world of oral agreements. You raised endless issues with no simple answers. You certainly have a claim against the person you dealt with; the burden will be on you to determine whether or not he is partners with individuals who would have partnership liability. Depending when or where money changed hands, the terms and conditions of the shipping agreement it is impossible to even to determine what state or count haw jurisdiction over this dispute. If the seller made false representations, or did not deliver the product he promised in any regard he is personally responsible.
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Why do you have to sue at all?
Why not just "return" the goods to whom/where they came from?
IF they refuse to take delivery, then you have an issue worth suing over.
Unfortunately, you will have to sue in Superior Court to recover all funds.
That will require the guidance of a licensed atty if you wish to be successful.
My firm handles contract issues statewide and we are based here in the Silicon Valley.
Feel free to get in touch at your earliest convenience: