They are being charged with possession and intent to distribute more than 500 grams of methamphetamine. It Was nonviolent and they are first time offenders. They were not aware it would affect the safety valve when they were asked infront of the US attorney because the public defender did not let them know until after and they did not give any information. They now have a lawyer and want to give up a name.
The lawyer needs to discuss the possibility with the A-USA. They are typically interested if the defendant has good information. However, I believe you are confusing 'substantial assistance' and 'safety valve' credit. They are not the same thing. To qualify for safety valve discount they have to provide truthful information about the crime for which they are charged. This can be done anytime up to the time of sentencing (don't wait that long). Substantial assistance credit under section 5k of the sentencing guidelines may have some overlap with the safety valve debrief- but they are separate considerations. You need to get the advice of an attorney with federal court experience. Federal court is a different beast completely than state court.
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