It stays on your computer record as long as there will be a DMV data base. As you get older and stay arrest free, it will be easier to argue that it was a youthful error, and not a potential pattern to employers. Legally, there's nothing that seems helpful.
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It stays on your record forever. You can seek a certficate of relief of civil disability so that it should not impact your employment situation. Contact a criminal defense lawyer to assist you.
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Forever. It does not seal.
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As a criminal conviction it stays forever. There is no legal device to expunge a conviction in New York State. Your question suggests this is your main concern. Realize that DWI is the most commonly charged crime in New York State. Convince potential employers it was a one-time youthful mistake that you have learned from and have moved on from.
For purposes of automobile insurance, it places you in a "high risk pool" for an indeterminate amount of time, though usually 39 months.
On your DMV record, it elevates a subsequent charge to a felony (if it is a misdemeanor) for 10 years. The 10 years begins running on the sentencing date and runs to the date of arrest on any subsequent arrest, that is, if that arrest is within 10 years, it will be an elevated charge.
Yes there are solutions. You can retain counsel to make a CPL 440 application to the trial court or a pardon application to the Governor. But, this would be very costly.