It is on your record for immigration permanently.
The above is intended only as general information, and does not constitute legal advice. You must speak with an attorney to discuss your individual case.
An arrest that was dismissed, in other words, not prosecuted will not adversely affect either your visa or green card application. Nevertheless, you must disclose it and have a certified court record to indicate that your case was dismissed. A dismissal is different from an expungement. The latter happens after a conviction and does not erase records for immigration purposes. If you are in doubt, consult an experienced immigration attorney who will review your record.
The herein content is for general informational purposes only, and may be predicated on incomplete facts. It should not be relied upon in making legal decisions or assessing your legal rights or risks. Neither does the herein reply create an attorney-client relationship.
For criminal law purposes, a person's criminal record can often be expunged, vacated or otherwise show rehabilitation. However, for immigration law purposes (such as being approved for a visa), the act can stay on your record indefinitely. An arrest and conviction, in fact, is not always required. Admitting committing a crime involving moral turpitude or admitting the essential elements which constitute the crime can all cause one to be inadmissible. Therefore, it is important that you show a copy of your court disposition to an experienced immigration attorney before filling out any immigration forms or seeking entry to the U.S. The article below may be useful.
Kindly note that this posting is offered for informational purposes only. It does not constitute an attorney-client relationship. Remember, this site is akin to an internet blog. Do not rely on information here to make important decisions in your life. Make an appointment to meet with a licensed attorney in his or her office (or via Skype or phone) to obtain competent personal and professional guidance.
It will be on your record forever. Older and sometimes dismissed charges will have less of a negative impact than newer non dismissed ones.
This advice does not form an attorney-client relationship and is merely informative. It should not by itself be relied upon to address a legal concern.
The most important thing may be to make sure that the dismissal did not result in a conviction for immigration purposes. If the state decided that you were not responsible and dismissed the case on their own, you should be ok, but if your case was dismissed as part of an agreement that required you to plead guilty and complete certain conditions, then it could still be considered a conviction for immigration purposes.
Having said that, an arrest alone will generally not affect you if you can show that the case was disposed of without a conviction. If that is the case, you will be in a stronger position by explaining what happened and showing that it does not affect your eligibility than by trying to hide it. The arrest itself may remain on federal databases even after an expungement, so you could still be questioned about it even if the state has destroyed or sealed any records.
Whenever immigration authorities ask if you have ever been arrested you need to answer truthfully that you have, even if a state judge or a criminal defense attorney told you that you do not have to disclose it - immigration law is different from state law, and you could get in more trouble for trying to hide an arrest than for disclosing it and explaining it. Good luck!
The information above is general in nature and is not intended to create an attorney-client relationship between us. It is intended simply as background material, is current only as of its indicated date, and may not include important details and special rules that could be applicable to your case. You should consult an attorney directly before acting or refraining from action.