As long as the judge has jurisdiction over your case, which means the case has not been terminated or dismissed, the judge can issue a warrant for your failure to appear.
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issuance of warrants does not work like the requirements for bonding. If you miss your court date the Judge can sign a warrant anytime prior to you sending your case to a different court, and he can also issue a warrant for you when you show up to fix the missed court date as well. In short, he could have waited even longer and still signed a warrant.
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