It depends. Some consequences of prolonged or frequent absences may include, but are not limited to:
- if she wants to submit an N400 and this trip falls within the 5 year look back period, then (1) a presumption will arise that she disrupted her continuous residence in the USA, unless one of a few very narrowly tailored exceptions applies to her (i.e. serving in armed forces while on active duty, etc.), because her trip was more than 6 months, but less than 1 year, and (2) depending on if she took any other long trips, and when she took them, it could also disrupt her physical presence requirements. If either are triggered, then she is not eligible to naturalize.
- if she has made prolonged or repeated trips outside of the US, which has to be more than a temporary absence, and her travel history indicates or suggests that she abandoned her permanent residence, and she files an N400, then USCIS may determine she abandoned her permanent resident status and could refer her case to ICE, which can put her in removal proceedings. CBP may also determine whether she abandoned her permanent residence when she attempts to re-enter the US, and may refuse to allow her back in. And, even if CBP lets her back in, if she files an N400, USCIS can redetermine whether she has abandoned her permanent residence.
Typically, but not always, if one is outside the US for less than 6 months one won't be asked about abandoning permanent residence, BUT it really depends on the circumstances of the absence. If she decides to stay out for a long period of time, it may be a good idea to gather some evidence, which she should bring with her, that she didn't abandon her permanent residence, including, but not limited to, that she paid pay U.S. taxes, she owns a home or apartment or has a long-term lease in the United States, she returned the U.S. with a round-trip ticket back from the foreign country, and whether she maintained any other ties with the United States, etc.
Much of whether or not these scenarios may apply to your mother are fact sensitive inquiries and you have no presented enough facts to evaluate your mother's situation. Thus, my answers are hypothetical in nature. Given this, I would suggest you consult with a reputable immigration attorney who can make a better assessment knowing all the facts surrounding your mother's current and any prior absences.
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Cannot really say for certain, it depends. Immigration law is changing almost daily now and it is unwise to put it charitably to try to represent yourself in an immigration matter.
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