The successor trustee is responsible for filing income taxes, etc., on behalf of the trust. The successor trustee should consult qualified tax counsel as well as an attorney in matters that concern the affairs of the trust.
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Your father should have a final individual income tax return (Form 1040) covering the period from January 2012 until his death. The trust should file Form 1041. You should speak with a good tax preparer, accountant, or tax attorney about filing Form 1041 as there are a number of elections that may be beneficial depending on your circumstances. The 1041 will generally generate a K-1 for each beneficiary. As a result, the Successor Trustee should seek advice immediately in order to avoid possibly holding up all the benefiaries' tax returns.
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It would be smart to get this matter to a CPA for handling the tax matters. The taxes can be almost punitive on a trust, if the income is not passed through appropriately to beneficiaries or exempted out for qualified expenses.