Yes, there are checks and balances involved in getting warrants. Law enforcements gets search warrants by convincing a judge/magistrate that there is "probable cause" to believe that criminal activity is occurring at the place to be searched or that evidence of a crime may be found there. Usually, the police provide their information in the form of an affidavit. If the judge/magistrate believes the affidavit establishes probable cause to conduct a search, he or she will issue a warrant. The check comes into play when the government charges someone with a crime--the defense attorney will challenge the sufficiency of the warrant, the affidavits, and the fruits of their labor--the evidence. If the court determines the evidence was obtained outside the bounds of the law--the evidence will not be admitted.
I suspect it would be hard to find a judge/magistrate who would agree that the officer's statement that the moon was a dairy based product and a ladder was needed. If law enforcement could find such a magistrate--it happens--a good criminal defense attorney would know how to get the cheese thrown out.
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While there are supposed to be "checks and balances" which include close scrutiny of a request for a warrant, there are those judges who will sign any warrant put before them by a cop.
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Investigators often proceed on a take now ask later theory.
Investigators often get search warrants based on drugs/phones/texts being connected.
No such thing as an "unjust" warrant.
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