Civil rights are rights granted to all citizens to be free from outrageous or disproportionate government conduct. The civil rights in the 60s were for fairer laws regarding race. But civil rights are still very much alive today. Race sometimes, but any outrageous action by a government agent (police officer, bureaucrat, municipality, etc.) can be a civil rights violation.
42 U.S.C. 1983 permits a government agent to be sued for monetary remedies if they allegedly committed a civil rights violation. It's a big deal because normally the government has sovereign immunity from suit.
It's important to note that the case you provided happened in the 7th Circuit, in Illinois, so is not binding law on Washington and our 9th Circuit. Nevertheless the concept of a tort against a citizen by a government agent could have 1983 legs anywhere in the country. Whether your particular case can in fact result in a lawsuit is impossible to answer with the facts provided.
If and until you and I sign an Agreement for Legal Services, I am not your attorney. These answers are provided for informational and/or novelty purposes.
In a tort case, the issues of duty, breach of duty, and proximate cause of damages are separate from the issue of the extent of the damages.
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