Disclaimer: The materials provided below are informational and should not be relied upon as legal advice.
As Mr. Baez indicates, you will not know for sue if you have been sued, until you receive the lawsuit papers. However, by searching each of the court index files, you can find out if a lawsuit has been filed against you in that court. For example, searching the index for Los Angeles County Superior Court will show if a lawsuit has been so far filed against you in the Los Angeles County Superior Court.
Check the Court listings index for the County where you live. If the lawsuit involves your home or property and the property is in a different county from where you live, you should check that other county too. You can google "Superior Court" for your county and then check the court index under your name and your spouse's name to see if there are any listings. If there are, you can link to that case and find out who sued you and when. In many counties you can print a copy of the lawsuit right off the website. You should also check the Small Claims Court indexes in your county if they are listed separately from the Superior Court index.
In most California counties, including Los Angeles, the courts have implemented fast track rules to comply with the California Government cases to move cases along in an order and efficient manner. Under these rules, a summons and complaint is supposed to be served on the defendant within 60 days of filing the complaint. Under this rule, if you were sued, you should be served within 2 months of when the plaintiff filed his or her lawsuit.
Sometimes, a plaintiff will claim that personal service could not be accomplished because the defendant's whereabouts are unknown. Under such circumstances a court could allow the plaintiff to publish notice in a newspaper, which is intended to give notice to the defendant. However, these notices generally appear in local legal newspapers and not read by the layperson.
One way to check to see if you have been sued but not yet served is to go to the Los Angeles Superior Court website and conduct a search (assuming the lawsuit would be filed in Los Angeles. The link is
You can check the court records. They are a matter of public information.
The best way to proceed depends on the answers you provide and many others things. I agree with Mr. Baez.
Good luck to you.
NOTE: This answer is made available by the lawyer for educational purposes only. By using or participating in this site you understand that there is no attorney client privilege between you and the attorney responding. This site should not be used as a substitute for competent legal advice from a licensed professional attorney with whom you have established an attorney client relationship. The law changes frequently and varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. The information and materials provided are general in nature, and may not apply to a specific factual or legal circumstance described in the question.