There may be a clause in the settlement agreement that states "if any part of the agreement is found unenforceable, the remainder will remain enforceable". You can challenge the gag order as against public policy and therefore unenforceable. There is a possibility that the court will strike the clause from the agreement. But as stated earlier, it will take some attorney hours to try to get the clause stricken.
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It will be extremely difficult to strike just one clause from a settlement agreement, especially because you were represented by an attorney during the negotiations. Most likely there is language in the contract that prohibits you from doing exactly what you want to do. You may have a separate claim of malpractice against your attorney but that will not void the settlement agreement. You will need to take the settlement agreement to one or more experienced attorneys who can go over the terms of the agreement and the circumstances with you, and see if there is anything that can be done. However, because it is such an uphill battle, be prepared to pay an hourly fee for these legal consultations.
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You don't say what kind of case you settled, but if there was insurance involved it was routine and non-negotiable for there to be a confidentiality clause in the settlement agreement. I say "non-negotiable" meaning that under no circumstances would the insurance company have agreed to settle the case without that provision, even for monetary terms significantly better for the insurer and the insured. This is a fact well known -- and acceptable -- to judges assigned to trial courts.
You should not even think about saying or writing anything that can be alleged to be in violation of the confidentiality provision unless and until you obtain legal advice from an experienced and skilled-- and INSURED -- attorney that your intended statement is safe. It is overwhelmingly likely that you will not be able to obtain such legal advice (permission).
Insurance companies settle cases in every jurisdiction in this country every day all day long. They have staffs of skilled professionals who do nothing but settle cases. They have long since learned how to draft an iron-clad confidentiality provision, one that will be upheld and enforced to the letter by the courts of this and all other states. Violation of a confidentiality provision is almost always enforced with terrible and effective force by the insurer, and you could find yourself with a far more ruinous (financially) legal problem than you started out with. Get legal advice, and follow it to the letter. Don't be your own worst enemy here.
You can read through Google Scholar for hours and hours and not find a case where a California court found a confidentiality provision in a settlement agreement unenforceable. There are many who disagree with the law for allowing confidentiality in legal matters, but the state of the law is overwhelmingly in favor of the parties' rights to contract for confidentiality if that is what it will take to resolve their private dispute.
You can say what you want about your attorney's performance without violating your confidentiality provision. You just have to discipline yourself to recognizing the reality and enforceability of boundary.
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