This is not an immigration issue. It does not matter whether your husband ever resided in the U.S. or had any status for getting a divorce. You need to talk to a family lawyer who handles divorces.
I agree with Attorney Schmidt. You need to contact a family / divorce law attorney who is licensed to practice family law in in the state you reside (CA) to determine the best options. Good luck
Legal disclaimer: The statement above is provided by CC Abbott is based on general assistance and not intended to be a legal opinion because not all the facts are provided. The person requesting information and all others reading the answer should retain an attorney who is permitted by the state bar within the jurisdiction who can examine the complete facts and provide a legal opinion on your case. All information provided in the above answer and other information provided by CC Abbott does not create an attorney/client relationship within any state of Federal law.