Your questions would best be answered by a criminal defense attorney. I suggest that your mother consult with a criminal defense attorney in the county where the criminal action(s) was filed. Best of luck.
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I will try to repost under criminal defense for a better chance at review by a criminal defense attorney.
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Are you sure that this is for the SAME incident of welfare fraud or are they bringing new charges. If nothing else, there is an issue of the Statute of Limitations to consider here. And, surely you're not saying that this new charge has been ongoing since 2010 (when she was arrested). I suggest you contact a local Criminal Defense attorney as soon as possible to sort through all of this.
This response is for general purposes only and does not establish an attorney-client relationship. You should contact an attorney to fully discuss your issues.