Potentially, years and there is no shortest way. You should understand that. Asylum cases are backlogged nationwide. Until you become an asylee, you cannot petition for the family.
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Be it for a Syrian or a Nepalese the waiting period will be the same. Due to unabating demand for asylum in the US interviews are taking nationwide a year or more from date of application receipt to schedule. It often takes another year for CIS to finally issue a decision. The good news is you can file for employment authorization 6 months after the asylum application is received by USCIS.
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There is not determined period for any decision as each case has its unique procedural history and a set of circumstances.
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