1) In reality and under the law, no time at all. You are supposed to depart the US after a "reasonable" time for liquidating and selling your things here (14 days would be the norm, but actual circumstances may vary.)
2) NO. That will never work.
3) YES. COS is the only viable option in your situation if you want to remain in the U.S. until securing a new H-1B employer. Attorneys fees vary according to attorney's experience and the complexity of the particular case in question. Call a few attorneys in your area to find out. ASAP! You have no time to waste..
5) That's up to the Canadian authorities to decide and this question should be posed to a Canadian Immigration lawyer. We here are all US immigration lawyers and know nothing about CDN law.
Behar Intl. Counsel 619.234.5962 Kindly be advised that the answer above is only general in nature cannot be construed as legal advice, given that not enough facts are known. It is your responsibility to retain a lawyer to analyze the facts specific to your particular situation in order to give you specific advice. Specific answers will require cognizance of all pertinent facts about your case. Any answers offered on Avvo are of a general nature only, and are not meant to create an attorney-client relationship.
I agree prior reply. You may be able to do a change of status. I would schedule an appointment with an immigration attorney to go over all the options available to you. We cannot advise you concerning Canadian immigration laws. Good Luck.
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I agree with my colleague. Also, you need to file for Change of Status IMMEDIATELY. Any delay at all would result in a denial of the COS application as being untimely. Also, keep in mind that acquiring Permanent Residence in Canada could be a long and drawn out process. I know people who took three years before being granted a visa to immigrate to Canada. Plus, the countries are very different. You may want to find out if you even like Canada before you begin talking about immigrating there. At this point, you owe it to yourself to contact an immigration lawyer in the New York area, whether myself or one of my colleagues. If you appreciate the time spent preparing this answer, kindly consider marking it BEST ANSWER or HELPFUL. Also, please be sure to read my disclaimer below. Good luck to you.
Dean P. Murray
The Murray Law Firm
560 Sylvan Avenue
Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632
Mr. Murray's response is NOT legal advice and does NOT create an attorney-client relationship. You should NOT rely on this response. Mr. Murray's response was generated without conducting a full inquiry as would occur during a face to face attorney-client consultation. It is likely that the response above may be made less accurate, or become entirely inaccurate, as you, i.e. the questioner, disclose additional facts that should only be discussed during a private consultation with an attorney. I strongly recommend that you consult an attorney who is licensed to practice law in your state (or, in the case of immigration law, and attorney in ANY state), whereupon all relevant facts will be discussed. All responses posted by Mr. Murray on Avvo.com are intended as general information for the education of the public, and not for any specific individual.