Unless you had a contract stating otherwise, the employer was likely within its rights to fire you with or without proof of misconduct. However, you are entitled to be paid for the time you already worked, and you are entitled to unemployment insurance if you didn't steal the phone.
Without an employment contract you can be fired for any reason or for no reason. Tou are entitled to be paid for the work you performed. You should repost this under the employment law section.
You should be paid for the hours you worked.
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