Typically if you have a valid ID by the time you get to court they will either dismiss the charge or reduce it to a charge of no license on person. Fine might be around $25. City of Atlanta is odd though. Something different each time I go. If they don't agree to reduce the fine or dismiss, tell them you want to reset the case 30 days to hire an attorney. The extension is usually granted automatically the first time. Good luck and call me if you need more information. I'm happy to help. The phone initial calls are free.
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I agree with the foregoing answer. But NO Drivers licenses are a pain to deal with if there is any issue at all. If for some reason you are convicted of this offense, you must go to the jail and be fingerprinted. Handled properly, you should NOT be convicted, but do you want to take that chance? You ought to be ok, but there is no guarantee. Hire a lawyer. Your lawyer will protect you.
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Especially given your Green Card Status you need to hire a qualified attorney to guide you in this matter. Generally the City of Atlanta will dismiss the charge. If they wouldnt, then the 30 day reset is ok provided they DO NOT make you waive jury trial, This type of charge would almost certainly be Nolle Prosequi (Dismissed) in Fulton County State Court given that you have a current license. It could take a while though to go the Fulton County Route. Hire an Attorney.