Illinois is an at-will employment state. That means that unless there is an employment or union contract that says otherwise, you can fire the employee for any reason, or even no reason at all, provided the reason is not based on the employee's membership in a protected class such as race, national origin, etc.
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The employee, under these circumstances, should probably be happy that the employer did not seek to bring criminal charges as well, which would be their right under the right conditions.
As the other lawyer noted, "at will" means you can be fired for any or no reason just like you can quit for any or no reason. It would be surprising if the employee was permitted to keep her job under the circumstances because this amounts to a fraud even though the employee did not take action to possess the money, by their omission the offense was committed. That said, the facts really matter and if there was a very good explanation perhaps it can be excused, but that is not what is indicated here.
If any charges are brought or if the employee is contacted by law enforcement they should consult a criminal lawyer at once before making any statements to the police are anyone else.
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