Your friend is in a great deal of trouble. Almost all States participate in a nationwide data base relating to the sharing of information relating to crimes. DUIs don't always show up on that dtata base. However, DC and VA report each other's convictions to the other jurisdiction. Points will not transfer, but convictions do. A review of his VA record should show the prior events. CA may not have looked at your friends Va record and therefore didn't see the 2002 event, or the matter may have been resolved by a plea to a lesser offence (reckless driving). In any event your friend can't bank on DC not finding out.
Additionally, if, in the sentencing phase of the proceeding, the DC court asks your friend about any prior events, he will be obligated to telll the judge. He will be under oath, and lying to the judge is a separate charge of perjury.
You friend needs a lawyer experienced in DUI practice and who is familiar with the Judges and magistrate judges in DC Superior Court. Good Luck.
It depends on what type of record check is done. He needs to hire an attorney immediately and start preparing the case. Sometimes, prosecutors are able to find convictions from all over the county and other times a local search is done and does not reveal other convictions.
More importantly, your friend needs to hire a DC DUI attorney to help him. What they find is out of his control.
Not only are states very inconistent about this but it even varies within a county. Sometimes my county prosecutor knows about an out of state dui from a long time ago but not about one from a couple of years ago. Also, keep in mind that different states define "first offender" differently. Some may not count out of state convictions when assessing a given case. You need a lawyer.
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