No, USCIS does not have any records of where you stayed in a foreign country.
The above is intended only as general information, and does not constitute legal advice. You must speak with an attorney to discuss your individual case.
Why do you ask?
PROFESSOR OF IMMIGRATION LAW for over 10 years -- This blog posting is offered for informational purposes only. It does not constitute an attorney-client relationship. Also, keep in mind that this is an INTERNET BLOG. You should not rely on anything you read here to make decisions which impact on your life. Meet with an attorney, via Skype, or in person, to obtain competent personal and professional guidance.
Why is this important? No, they will not unless you give them a reason to be concerned about it. When you do, it will not be USCIS anymore.
NYC EXPERIENCED IMMIGRATION ATTORNEYS www.myattorneyusa.com; email: email@example.com; Phone: (866) 456-8654; Fax: 212-964-0440; Cell: 212-202-0325. The information contained in this answer is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter.