In a word, yes. Both absence and a warrant toll (freeze) the SOL.
The Statute of Limitations governs how long the State has to bring a charge based upon the degree of the crime. Florida Statute 775.15 says that a prosecution for a life felony has no SOL and can be commenced at any time, for a 1st degree felony the SOL is 4 years, for any other felony (2nd or 3rd degree) the SOL is 3 years, for a 1st degree misdemeanor its 2 years and for a 2nd degree misdemeanor the SOL is 1 year.
That said, lawful issuance of a warrant tolls (stops / suspends) the SOL (meaning that when a warrant is issued from that moment time, as measured by the SOL, literally stands still).
For more information on the SOL and Speedy Trial rules please see my Avvo Legal Guide on the subject. It contains a great deal of information and should be of assistance to you. For your convenience a link follows:
I hope this has been helpful and wish you good luck.
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Yes, the SOL does not run when a defendant is voluntarily absent from the state. If a warrant has been issued it is the same answer. One client fled to Costa Rica and lived there for many years. When he came back, he was eventually arrested, extradited from MA, and what I remember most was that he had hired a nationally famous lawyer initially for a ton of money, the plea some 8 years later was adjudication withheld, time served, and leave the state.
R. Jason de Groot, Esq. We do not have an attorney-client relationship. I am not your lawyer. The statements I make do not constitute legal advice. Any statements made by me are based upon the limited facts you have presented, and under the premise that you will consult with a local attorney. This is not an attempt to solicit business. This disclaimer is in addition to any disclaimers that this website has made. I am only licensed in Florida.