You are correct that the recent reduction in drug sentences do not affect career offender guidelines. The sentencing commission proposes amendments to the guidelines each year. Those amendments go into effect on Nov. 1 unless Congress acts to reject them. Congress has never rejected proposed amendments. Unfortunately, there has been no movement toward reducing the career offender guidelines. Nonetheless, the guidelines are only advisory and the sentencing judge has the power to impose sentence below the career offender guideline range in appropriate circumstances.
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The USSC has the authority to amend the sentencing guidelines subject to the approval of Congress. This "approval" takes place once a year and usually is accomplished by Congress not objecting to the proposed change. The Guidelines are advisory and used by the sentencing judge to set a suggested range of sentencing. The U.S. Congress also can enact specific sentencing statutes that are mandatory that is must be applied given a specific charge. Many other factors must be considered to answer your question with an answer it deserves.
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The Sentencing Committee has the authority to amend the sentencing or career offender guidelines with congressional approval.
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The Commission has the authority, but Congress must approve the amendments. If the Commission changes the guidelines, the amendment would have to be retroactive in order to affect your loved one's sentence.
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