If A is a guardian, then he steps into C's shoes.
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Someone like A can apply to court to be appointed either Guardian ad Litem for the incompetent party that was injured, or conservator of the person.
Then A sues in a representative capacity.
Someone would need to file suit on C's behalf. A spouse would qualify to do so or a parent if C was a minor. If neither applies than someone would need to petition to be C's guardian.
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Negligence requires four elements, duty, breach, cause and harm in its most basic fundamental analysis. This is a marketing and informational website. My recommendation is to take this out of the hypothetical and to consult with an attorney. I do not believe duty is the issue here, but rather authority.
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Law Offices of Andrew D. Myers, North Andover, MA & Derry, NH provide answers for informational purposes only. Actual legal advice can only be given by an attorney licensed in your jurisdiction, thoroughly familiar with the area of the law in which your concern lies. This creates no attorney-client relationship.
It is impossible to answer based on this hypothetical. You should consult with a reputable personal injury attorney. In Ohio, a probate court can appoint a guardian over somebody who is not competent (i.e. in a chronic vegitative state) to act on the incompetent person's behalf.
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