The federal government has no time basis. It is based on character and conduct and whether you have other incidents that are combined to make you unsuitable under 5CFR 731 standards. Security clearances have no magical formula but misdemeanors are not automatic disqualifiers
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There is no "government" standard. Federal, state, county and municipal employment all operate independently and function as independent employers with their own employment standards. Much of the government of any jurisdiction is organized in agencies, departments, special districts, bureaus, and other offices and entities and many of those have their own individual employment standards and policies. It is perhaps the case that public entity employers have less discretion to override an applicable employment standard or interpret a policy or rule as flexibly as can be true in private sector employment.
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Federal government, state government and local government all have different rules about such things, and there is something else to consider - what TYPE of job are you looking at?
Clearly, a person who will be handling money on behalf of the government will not be hired if they have committed a previous crime involving theft of funds they were responsible for. Similarly, jobs that require security clearances are a lot harder to get than jobs working as a typist or a custodial worker if you have a criminal background.
The best advice is to continue to keep your nose clean, make a good impression on your parole officer and your employers, and ask for letters of recommendation to apply to a job you are interested in.
I also must ask, is there a specific reason it must be a "government" job, or are you simply looking for a job that pays more with better benefits, because there are such jobs in the private sector.
This does not constitute legal advice or the engagement of my services as an attorney.