Just like adults, minors in the juvenile justice system have Constitutional rights, which includes the right against self-incrimination and a right to an attorney. This means that law enforcement must read a minor his or her Miranda rights when they arrest and question a minor.
And with that, good luck on your paper and hopefully you will only need this for your paper, and never in a real situation.
I agree with Mr. Holbrook and Mr. Thygerson. An important thing to recognize about the Miranda rule is that it is an evidentiary rule, meaning that it has to do with whether statements made by a defendant are admissable into evidence in a trial or hearing. It does not directly affect the validity of an arrest. Minor or adult, it makes no difference. Good luck on the paper!
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Police officers are required to advise adults and minors of their Miranda rights when 1) the person is in-custody and 2) the police officer is questioning the person. Just because the police arrest someone does not mean they are required to advise that person of their Miranda rights--you need arrest + interrogation. With minors the police are also, prior to questioning , required to attempt to contact the minor's parent or a guardian. Good luck with your paper.