It will have no effect on your adjustment so long as you are marrying a US citizen and you do not have a 2 year foreign residency requirement on your J-1. If you have the 2 year, you cannot adjust to permanent residence until you have fulfilled this requirement, unless you are lucky enough to obtain a waiver. Consult a lawyer.
This is a very good reason to hire an attorney and pay a professional to handle your legal matter. Please contact me for a free consultation.
Misiti Global, PLLC.
716 830 7960
Any period of lawful status is always a concern.
It is advisable to work with an immigration lawyer to have your concerns addressed.
You will also benefit from a professional insight into the immigration process as it affects you.
You are welcome to use the link provided below to contact me if you wish to discuss a way forward.
The CIS most likely already knows that your request for F1 status was denied. If your J1 did not have the 2 year foreign residence requirement, then you may adjust status based on your marriage to a US citizen.
Do have a lawyer look at your J1 papers though. Being subject to the 2 year foreign residence requirement is a matter of actual facts, not simply the endorsement on your passport.