a kid was at a party where alcohol was present. they were not drinking. now the school is punishing them by not allowing them to speak at graduation. according to the student handbook, "http://www.meridian.wednet.edu/sites/default/files/15-16%20MHS%20Student%20Handbook%20with%20Disclaimer%20Statement%20and%20Protzeller's%20addition%20(2).pdf" on the first offense there should only be a 14 day suspension from activities.
A school's policies regarding conduct that is not otherwise regulated by federal or state laws or regulations, are within that school's discretion and interpretation of its own policies. Due process rights would not normally attach in matters that do not affect a student's right to a free, public education (ex: the privilege to speak at graduation can be revoked and has no due process attachment). The school can even act inconsistently with its policies to some extent if there is no basis for legal review of such action.
In short, the student can attempt to appeal the school's decision and make reasonable arguments based on the school's own handbook to justify reinstating his privilege to speak at graduation---but it's within the school's discretion whether to grant the appeal or the request.
This answer provides general advice and should not be understood as to create an attorney-client relationship between the questioner and the responding attorney.
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