We want to depose a non-party. The non-party's lawyer moved for a protective order, and at the same time he says he wants to schedule a date for the deposition. The non-party has successfully tried to delay this deposition for years, by the way, so to me this indicates that he is going to do everything he can to avoid answering the questions. I believe that if we agree to a deposition without first defeating the protective order, the non-party could get away with refusing the answer many important questions by citing his pending motion for protective order. Am I right on this?Thank you to those who responded, but the answers missed the point. I know a motion is not effective unless acted on by the judge, but that doesn't mean that a deposed party can't come into a deposition and refuse to answer questions. Whether there is a protective order or not, there's nothing that you can do as a practical matter to prevent this other than taking the issues to the judge. This has happened on more than one occasion to me, when deposing someone. The only thing you have to decide is whether to take it to the judge before the depo, or after you have expended a lot of money and time setting up a deposition, traveling to it (we live outside the U.S.) and interacting with non-parties and parties who wanted to attend the depo. You could be delayed by years if you don't resolve the problems before a depo rather than after.