If he filed Chapter 7(or Chapter 11) in 1999 and received a discharge he would have been precluded from filing another Chapter 7 for 8 years from the date of the previous filing. That time has expired and he would be eligible for Chapter 7 again today. The time requirements for filing a Chapter 13 are even less so he could also file under Chapter 13 today. Debts incurred by fraud can be excluded from discharge but you would have to bring an adversary proceeding in the bankruptcy to have the debts declared non-dischargeable.
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The previous answer summed it up just right. There are time frames established by law (that were changed in 2005) that limit how many times you can file bankruptcy within a specified period of time.
Generally, you have to wait 8 years for a 7, 4 years for a 13 and 6 years a mixed case. That being said, if you filed suit against him and that suit is based on a count of fraud, it can survive the bankruptcy even if he files.
The civil case would be put on hold for a period of time and it is possible that you would have to take up a claim in the bankruptcy court.
I recommend retaining a bankruptcy attorney if you do need to pursue the claim in bankruptcy court because the bankruptcy code can be incredibly complicated.