A case against you can have several charges. e.g. robbery, kidnapping & murder .
A case may be generally a related string of facts. You robbed a store, kidnapped the manager and murdered his assistant.
Within the case 3 charges can be brought.
One or two of the charges can be dropped. So, if kidnapping is dropped, you only end up with robbery and murder in the case example.
Charges can be dismissed if a showing of no facts or not enough to charge, through a number of mechanisms. (timing is important).
A case with charges which is dismissed (for purposes other than retrial) after the jury is impaneled, will invoke double jeopardy and the charges within that case cannot (usually) again be brought.
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As prior counsel said, some cases have multiple charges. Seek out an experienced criminal litigator for a free consultation. A good place to start is by calling the state bar association or go to NACDL.org. Meet with them and tell them all the facts. There is no confidentiality online.
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