In order to prevail in a defamation lawsuit, you must prove publication to another (not you), falsity (truth of the statement is a complete defense), and actual damages except in defamation per se cases (in which damages are presumed). You may also have legal recourse for malicious prosecution.
These cases, though, are generally difficult to prove, and often, nominal damages of $1 are awarded. Keep in mind, too, that you cannot " squeeze blood from a turnip." You may have a perfectly fine legal case, but if the person is noncollectable, the courts cannot manufacture money simply because you prevailed. You may win, but that never guarantees recovery.
I concur that we need far more facts before we could discuss anything beyond generalities.
Probably not. Depends on the facts, and you posted almost no facts. Recommend you repost with the who (no names required), what, when, where, why, and how circumstances.
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As the others have said.
But, was this a false report or a mistake. That makes a huge difference in any law suit.
I suspect to prove "false" you would have to prove that the person deliberately, knowingly, and with a bad motive claimed that you did the act.
Perhaps some of this would be shown through the police report. For insurance purposes the owner of the car that was hit would have likely been required to report this to the police. They would have investigated.
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