In NY, absent an agreement waiving their right, the surviving spouse gets an elective share of 1/3 of the estate, so they can not be disinherited completely. As far as creating a debt, I am not aware of any strategy to accomplish this objective. You can disinherit any immediate family members (other than a surviving spouse) and as long as the will is properly executed (preferably under the supervision of an attorney), it should stand. If you want to disincentivize the challenging of your will, you should give something to potential challengers (usually intestacy distributees) and insert an interrorem clause which strips away their bequest if they unsuccessfully challenge your will. I highly advise that you utilize the services of an estate planning attorney to draft this will.
Roman Aminov, Esq.
Law Offices of Roman Aminov
147-17 Union Turnpike | Flushing, New York 11367
P: 347.766.2685 | F: 347.474.7344
Roman@AminovLaw.com | www.AminovLaw.com
This answer does not constitute legal advice and no attorney client relationship has been formed. Before choosing a course of action, it is always advisable to seek the advice of an attorney in your area.
Mr. Aminov gives you good advice. He refers, appropriately, to an in terrorem clause. That is a provision in a will that says that anyone who challenges the will forfeits any bequest left to him or her in the will. Of course, to make use of an in terrorem clause, the person who is expected to possibly challenge the will must be bequeathed at least some small amount of estate assets -- large enough to give the person second thoughts about challenging the will.
Good luck to you.
Michael S. Haber is a New York attorney. As such, his responses to posted inquiries, such as the one above, are limited to his understanding of law in the jurisdiction in which he practices and not to any other jurisdiction. In addition, no response to any posted inquiry should be deemed to constitute legal advice, nor to constitute the existence of an attorney/client or other contractual or fiduciary relationship, inasmuch as rendering legal advice involves the ability of the attorney to ask appropriate questions of the person seeking such advice and to thus gather appropriate information. In addition, an attorney/client relationship is formed only by specific agreement. The purpose of this answer is to provide the questioner with general information, not to outline specific legal rights and remedies.