How did the police have inclination to even look at him for the crime? there must be more than mere possession of the goods. Get a good crim defense attorney to help you, as soon as possible.
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A person can be convicted on circumstantial evidence. He needs an attorney to get through this.
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There is a great deal of risk even with this circumstantial evidence. You can assist your brother by helping him retain a criminal defense attorney. You can find one in your area by AVVO search or in local ads. He should have an attorney at once and have no contact with the police.
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There has to be sufficient evidence for the finder of fact (the jury) to believe your brother is guilty of robbery beyond a reasonable doubt. Each element of the crime necessary for a guilt finding must be proved to that standard.
As the other attorneys have pointed out, circumstantial evidence may be present which leads the DA to believe he or she can prove the case. Direct and circumstantial evidence are treated the same - it's a question of relevance, probative value, and foundation.
A robbery conviction is a very serious charge and a conviction would follow your brother through life. He needs to be represented by an attorney in whom he has faith. That could be a public defender if he's been fortunate enough to be appointed one of the many excellent and dedicated PDs in that office. If he feels that is not the case, I urge you to retain a private attorney. All possible defenses must be explored and only an attorney with experience can do that in a comprehensive manner.