If I understand your question - it is whether certain damages can be discharged in bankruptcy. You may want to consult with a local lawyer for specifics. Damages for negligence may be dischargeable. But, generally damages associated with intentional acts/punitive damages are less likely to be discharged. You should consult with a local lawyer to give you a specific answer in your jurisdiction. Good luck.
Probably. Bankruptcy is about giving debtor's a fresh start. Only certain debts cannot be discharged. As pointed out, if the claim was for negligence, odds are, the claim can be discharged in bankruptcy. If she was convicted of a crime and is paying restitution, then that debt would not be discharged. But if this is a civil matter, the debt is probably dischargeable.
The only way to know is have, and pay, an attorney to review the underlying court case.