Weather or not an enforceable contract exists would be determined based upon a variety of factors. Text messages, however, can certainly be used as evidence in your case if they are relevant to the dispute.
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As Mr. Mann states, the text messages are admissible to show an agreement. The big problem might be "authenticating" them. You have to show that the messages are what you say they are, including that the other person sent them.
Yes. The text messages can be used as evidence in small claims court to prove the existence of an oral contract.
Frank W. Chen has been licensed to practice law in California since 1988. The information presented here is general in nature and is not intended, nor should be construed, as legal advice for a particular case. This Avvo.com posting does not create any attorney-client relationship with the author. For specific advice about your particular situation, please consult with your own attorney.