If you provide more the half of the support for the child then you can claim them on the tax retrn, but only one parent may claim the child in any tax year.
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If the child lived with you more than half the year, you are entitled to claim him as a dependent. Since the child lived with you most of the year, you do not need your ex to fill out any form. If your ex was to claim the child, she would actually need you to fill out an IRS Form 8332.
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If a non-custodial parent pays enough child support, so it covers more than half the child's living expenses, that parent may claim the child as a dependent on his taxes by filling out and attaching IRS Form 8332 to his federal tax return.
1) Obtain agreement from the custodial parent. She must sign the release form in Part I at the top of Form 8332, agreeing to allow the non-custodial parent to claim the child as a dependent for the current fiscal year. Fill in the child's name and the current tax year and have the custodial parent sign and date the form. She must also provide her social Security Number where required.
2) Have the custodial parent release any claim of dependence for the child for any future years. This is strictly optional and is not required for the non-custodial parent to claim the child as an exemption for the current year. However, if both parents expect that the non-custodial parent will provide more than 50 percent of the child's living expenses in subsequent years, filling out this section is an easy way to release tax exemption to that parent on a long-term basis.
3) Fill out Part III with the custodial parent if there is a year in the future for which you do not expect to provide more than half the child's living expenses. This part is also optional and not necessary for claiming a child on the current year's tax return.
4) Claim your child as a dependent on your taxes. This process is identical to what it would be if you were the custodial parent claiming the child as an exemption. Ensure that you include the child's accurate Social Security number, as the IRS uses this to cross-reference information on both parents' tax returns.
5) Attach a copy of your divorce decree to your tax return. According to federal tax law, if the court issued your divorce decree specifying that you pay more than half the child's living expenses in child support and your divorce was finalized prior to 2009, you may be able to simply attach a copy of the decree to your tax return, instead of filling out Form 8332. The decree must include both parents' Social Security numbers, the years for which the non-custodial parent will pay the majority of the child's living expenses and a signed release form from the custodial parent stating that she will not claim the child as a dependent on her own taxes.
6) Attach all required forms to your federal tax return and mail them as a package to the correct address.
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