She can stay in the U.S. while waiting to adjust status only if she is able to maintain her status while waiting for a visa number. If she cannot maintain status, then she cannot remain in the U.S. It would be different if you were a U.S. citizen. Spouses of U.S. citizens would not be removed while waiting on a visa number to become available so that they can adjust status.
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Maybe. If she can maintain her status, she can stay here. If she falls out of status while waiting for the priority date to become current, she will not be able to adjust status.
She can stay only if she'll be able to maintain her non-immigrant status. Were she to "fall out of status" while her petition is pending, she will be unable to adjust status once her priority date becomes "current" (anywhere from 6 months to 1.5 years from now.) Spouses of LPRs (green card holders), as opposed to spouses of USCs are unable to file for AOS, unless they are in valid nonimmigrant status at the time of being able to file. Were she to fall out of status, then another option is to wait to file for AOS once you naturalize and obtain US citizenship. Spouses of USCs are deemed to be "immediate relatives" ("IRs"), and as such are not required to maintain status, nor be in status when filing AOS, nor are they penalized for having engaged in unlawful employment.
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When are you eligible to become a US citizen?
Mr. Asatrian's practice is dedicated to the area of immigration and nationality law. Please note the information provided herein does not constitute legal advice and should not be construed as such by anyone. It should not be relied upon as legal advice as more specific facts, research and analysis may be required to formulate a proper strategy and action in your matter. Please note this does not create an attorney-client relationship whatsoever. You should seek the assistance of an experienced immigration attorney to review your matter thoroughly and gather all of the necessary information and documentation to provide you with the best possible legal solution.
Immigration Green cards Employment-based green cards Adjustment of immigration status US citizenship US visas Visa priority application dates Paying taxes as an immigrant Employment Foreign and immigrant workers Marriage-based green card Form I-485 (adjustment of status) Tax law Marriage