You should immediately make use if the JAGs at your base legal service office.
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1. You can be placed on legal hold for court-martial prosecution.
2. Depending on how long you have left they can initiate discharge proceedings for an OTH.
3. Orders aren't set in stone. The one exception would be if you have fulfilled your complete contract, not just to EAOS. In which case the only legal hold is for court-martial.
4. If court-martialed or they want to OTH then you should look to contesting this.
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This is a very loaded question...lot to cover, and Mr. Cave covered most of them. But, I will stick to your two direct questions...yes, the Honerable can be changed to a Generak on a final SRB review, without a courts-martial or AdSep Board. If the command's intent is to give you an OTH or punitive discharge they will have to convene a discharge board or courts-martial. The command can place you on legal hold for a courts-martial, not for a board. Read my Avvo profile, and call if you would like a free consultation.
To answer your questions 1) yes, 2) yes, 3) you should utilize your legal office (TDS) to assist you in preparing chapter paperwork arguing that you should receive an honorable/general discharge. Most likely, because you are on your way out, your chain of command will not want to delay your departure. Make sure your records correctly reflect the actual drug test results.
This information is intended for public use only, it does not form an attorney-client relationship and it does not constitute legal advice. If you seek legal advice on military law issues, contact an military law attorney. My contact information is firstname.lastname@example.org or 804-955-9867.