You list your dependent information on a Form W4. Your employer is supposed to base his deductions on that information. If there was a mistake, you should bring it to his attention and hopefully he will correct it. If he increased the number of dependents from 1 to 2, then deducted less federal withholding from your check. Its not worth making an issue about it if he is willing to correct it. If you want to make up the missed deductions, you can always ask him to withhold a little extra on your next pay check to get you caught up.
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The prior attorney offers a very practical solution to your problem. Just be aware that the Form W-4 is signed by you and that is the controlling document. The employer has no right to not follow your specific request as detailed in the Form W-4. This may be a warning as to your employer; keep on top of things and do not trust the employer.
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Ask your employer why they did this. This will reduce your withholding and cause you to possible have to pay taxes and penalties at the end of the year. You can give your employer a new Form W-4 and ask them to correct your withholding. They should not make these types of changes without notifying you and/or receiving your consent.
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