You listed Vero Beach as your posting city, but I'll assume you posted from Colombia, which is where you are currently living with your daughter. You could probably file for divorce in Colombia, then have a child support order enforced in Florida, and you should probably ask a Colombian lawyer about that, but that's probably an expensive way to go, and I'll bet your child support would be less than if you filed for support in Florida.
You wouldn't qualify to file for divorce in Florida, since you don't live here and aren't a citizen and resident of Florida, so that's not an option.
It is possible to file for legal separation in Florida (technically it's called "Support Unconnected with Dissolution") without being a Florida resident. You can't get "legally separated" with this type of lawsuit because Florida doesn't allow that, but you can get child support and even alimony. You should speak to a Florida lawyer about it, because, in your case, it's a little complicated.
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I take it that you are still in Colombia? You will need to hire a lawyer in the county in which your husband resides. If your husband still lives in the United States, you can get a divorce in Florida and get a child support award. You will need a lawyer though to help you.
Lawrence J. Marraffino, Florida Divorce Lawyer
This answer cannot be a substitute for legal advice which requires more information from the client than can be obtained in this forum. Therefore this answer CANNOT BE RELIED UPON AS LEGAL ADVICE FROM THIS ATTORNEY.
I would recommend speaking to an attorney in Colombia to see how to proceed.
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