Yes, but generally speaking, small claims court cases wouldn't be suitable to handle cases which involve a lot of background presentation. Keep in mind that most small claims trials only last 5 minutes.
Moreover, the directors of the HOA board are generally protected by the "business judgment rule". See California Corporations Code §7231(c) as well as the California Supreme Court's decision in Lamden v. La Jolla Shores Clubdominium (1999) 21 Cal.4th 249.
In California, homeowners have a duty to pay their HOA dues and special assessments. California Civil Code §1367.1(a) provides as follows:
"A regular or special assessment and any late charges, reasonable fees and costs of collection, reasonable attorney's fees, if any, and interest, if any, as determined in accordance with Section 1366, shall be a debt of the owner of the separate interest at the time the assessment or other sums are levied."
Frank W. Chen has been licensed to practice law in California since 1988. The information presented here is general in nature and is not intended, nor should be construed, as legal advice. This posting does not create any attorney-client relationship with the author. For specific advice about your particular situation, consult your own attorney.