No, an immigration judge has does not have the jurisdiction for that. TPS is within the exclusive jurisdiction of USCIS.
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You have to file the application with the USCIS.
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TPS is within the jurisdiction of USCIS, not the immigration judge.
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You can assert TPS eligibility as a defense in removal proceedings before the IJ. Have an immigration attorney represent you.
Gunda J. Brost Brost Law Office This advice does not form an attorney-client relationship and is merely informative. It should not by itself be relied upon to address a legal concern.